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ECONOMY

The Inflation Interplay in Nigeria
Five years ago, 5 naira and 10 naira currency were a significant part of our national denomination, and you could walk into any shop and get sweets, biscuits for that amount. This same 5 and 10 naira are becoming hard to come by, with little or no purchasing power. Coins have gone into extinction, confined to the books of accounts only, telling us the currency keeps losing its value with the passage of time.
Impact of COVID-19 on the Nigeria Real Estate and Housing Sector
It is no doubt that the commercial real estate is the hardest hit of all in the property sector during this pandemic. The hotels, retail space, convention centres were all shut down, except for the exempted essential spaces. As the economy begins to open worldwide without a vaccine to cure the virus yet, the impact of Covid-19 has made work-from-home (WFH) more attractive out of necessity.
Analysis of the Debt Profile of Nigerian States
Analysis into the domestic debt profile of the 36 states and FCT shows that Lagos state with total debt of N444.23 billion has the highest domestic debt stock outstanding among the states and this represents 10.82% of the total domestic debt stock. Lagos, Abuja and Port Harcourt in combined have total debt worth 19.92% of the total domestic debt stock of the 36 states and the FCT. Of the top 10 states based on debt, only Lagos, Ogun, Rivers, Akwa-Ibom and Delta states are among the top 10 states based on 2019 Internally IGR.
Towards a Unified Foreign Exchange Rate System in Nigeria
In a bid to increase access to Forex, the CBN created the I&E FX (Investors and Exporters Forex Window) in 2017 for importers in order to ease the pressure faced by the businessmen in the foreign exchange market. However, there still have been disparities among the CBN official rate, I&E rate (also known as NAFEX) and the parallel market rate.
Continuous Increase in Inflation Rate: What will the CBN Do?
Nigeria's Headline inflation increased by 12.4% (year-on-year) in May 2020, 6bps (0.06%) higher than the rate recorded in the previous month (12.34%), marking a ninth consecutive month of increase in inflation since August 2019 (11.02%) and a 25-month high of April 2018 (12.48%). The 12.4% inflation rate means that on the average, if a goods cost NGN100 in May 2019, 12 months ago, the consumer will actually pay NGN112.4 for the same commodity in May 2020.
The Global Economic Reset- Promoting a More Inclusive Recovery
By Kristalina Georgieva The COVID-19 crisis is inflicting the most pain on those who are alre...
Capital Importation in Nigeria: Why is FDI so Low?
In a recent publication by the NBS, total value of capital imported into the country stood at $5,854.38m in Q1 2020. This represents an increase of 53.97% compared to Q4 2019 and -31.19% decrease compared to the first quarter of 2019. Foreign Portfolio Investment (FPI) accounted for 73.61% ($4,309.47m) of total capital imported, followed by Other Investment, which accounted for 22.73% ($1,330.65m) of total capital.
Global economy on a Tripod: Deflation, Inflation and Recession in 2020
From economic theories, one characteristics of a recession is that price level of goods and services will become low. If this should go by and considering that economic theories are in favour of low inflation to boost economic growth, then the low prices of goods and services is meant to be a factor that will lift economies from contraction to boom. However, this is not always the case especially for countries experiencing deflation.
The Economics of Printing the Naira
This article explains why the idea of printing more money is unfounded given the state of the Nigerian economy.

BUSINESS & FINANCE

NNPC: Inefficient in its Core Business, Excelling in Non-Core Areas (3)
This article provides a critical review of the financial performance of the 20 subsidiaries of the NNPC for the 2018 financial year. We also provide an aggregate figure for the Group based on the results of the 20 subsidiaries.
NNPC: Inefficient in its Core Business, Excelling in Non-Core Areas (2)
This article provides a critical review of the financial performance of the 20 subsidiaries of the NNPC for the 2018 financial year. We also provide an aggregate figure for the Group based on the results of the 20 subsidiaries.
NNPC: Inefficient in its Core Business, Excelling in Non-Core Areas (1)
This article provides a critical review of the financial performance of the 20 subsidiaries of the NNPC for the 2018 financial year. We also provide an aggregate figure for the Group based on the results of the 20 subsidiaries.
How Nigerian Banks Performed in 2019
Here is an analytics of the financial performance of the 14 listed banks on the Nigerian Stock Exchange based on their 2019 financial report.
Q3 2019 Industry Report for the Banking Sub-Sector
This report provides an industry analysis into the activities and performance of the banking sector in 2019. Here, all the banks listed on the NSE would be analyzed based on financial performance as well as performance in terms of their respective share prices.
Understanding Lagos State Finances and its Preference for External Debt over Internal Debt
Lagos State Government recently released its financial statement and we provide an insightful analysis into the state finances and its debt profile.
Nigeria’s Tier-1 Banks Made Interest Income of N1.52 trillion and PAT of N521.92 billion in Q3 2019
The Q3 financial statement of the five banks reveal they earned N1.52 trillion on charging interest in the first 9 months of 2019 and they made a Profit After Tax of N521.92bln in total. This research work therefore aims to further break down the financial performance of each of the five banks while also ranking them based on how they have performed from January 2, 2019 to September 30, 2019.

ANALYTICS

[INFOGRAPHICS] IMF COVID-19 Financial Assistance to SSA Countries
$15.42 billion have found way to Sub-Saharan African Countries to tackle COVID-19 courtesy of th...
[INFOGRAPHICS] H1'20 Top and Bottom Line of Cement Companies in Nigeria
Nigerian cement companies recorded aggregate growth in their revenues and net income for the hal...
[INFOGRAPHICS] 7-Year Comparison of Revenue of Brewers in Nigeria
Both Nigerian Breweries and International Breweries have had their revenue grown over the years ...
[INFOGRAPHICS] 7-Year Comparison of Profits of Brewers in Nigeria
Nigerian Breweries is the most profitable brewing company in Nigeria with Profit for the year 20...
[INFOGRAPHICS] 7-Year Comparison of Operating Profits of Brewers in Nigeria
The brewing companies in Nigeria have had their operating profits decline over the years and Nig...
[INFOGRAPHICS] Countries Where Gasoline Price is Cheapest
Nigeria is the 7th country in the world with the cheapest gasoline price per litre. From the lis...
[INFOGRAPHICS] China's Quarterly Growth Rate Overtime
China's latest quarterly growth rate shows that the country has averted a recession in the first...

AFRICA & WORLD ECONOMY

COVID-19 Response in Emerging Market Economies: Conventional Policies and Beyond
The economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on emerging market economies far exceeded that of the global financial crisis. Unlike previous crises, the response has been decisive just like in advanced economies. Yet, conventional policies are reaching their limit and unorthodox policies are not without risks.
Global Imbalances and the COVID-19 Crisis
A new IMF External Sector Report shows that overall current account deficits and surpluses in 2019 were just below 3 percent of world GDP, slightly less than a year earlier. The latest forecasts for 2020 imply only a further narrowing by some 0.3 percent of world GDP, a more modest decline than after the global financial crisis 10 years ago.
Impact of Conflict and Political Instability on Banking Crises in Developing Economies
A new IMF staff paper investigates whether rising conflict and political instability globally over the past several decades has led to more banking crises in developing countries. The study focuses on the potential impact of conflict and political instability on systemic banking crisis in 92 developing countries over the period 1970-2016.
COVID-19 is Reducing Domestic Remittances in Africa: What does it Mean for Poor Households?
The amount remitted by migrants from Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) has grown tenfold in two decades, from $4.8 billion in 2000 to $48 billion in 2018. This reflects a steady increase in the number of people who decided to move in search of a better life: from 21.6 million in 2000, the number of migrants from Africa grew to 36.3 million in 2017.
COVID-19 Crushes Global Economy but Emerging Markets are in Bigger Troubles
By 2021, it is of high expectation that the world will return to normalcy, and economies around the world should recover from the adverse effect of coronavirus spread. However, emerging markets may continue to wallow in economic crisis as contemporary issues like weak GDP growth rate, unemployment rate, high debt profile, income inequalities, among others, remain in the picture, most of which have been worsened by the global pandemic effects.
The Impact of COVID-19 (Coronavirus) on Global Poverty: Why Sub-Saharan Africa Might be the Region Hardest Hit
COVID-19 is taking its toll on the world, causing deaths, illnesses and economic despair. But how is the deadly virus impacting global poverty? Here we’ll argue that it is pushing about 40-60 million people into extreme poverty, with our best estimate being 49 million.
Germany: The Troubled Giant
So far in 2020, the industrial giant of EU zone has been badly hit as a result of several factors in the global space, causing further pain for the economy. In January 2020, production activities nosedived, recording a huge decline of about 2.7% year-on-year, blame the total economic lockdown measure against the global pandemic.
What Beer Sales Tell us about the Recession
Craft beer sales are surging at stores, but craft breweries are still struggling. Cheap beer is surging, but it’s still losing market share. That’s because the economics of the beer business are complicated. (And that’s before you start drinking). But the beer business can tell us a lot about the last two recessions.
Venezuela: Can the Grass be Green Again?
Inflation rate in Venezuela has skyrocketed, moving an average figure of 21.07% in 2012 to as high as 65,374.08% in 2018 before moderating to c.15,000% in 2020. Hence, the venezuelan Bolivar has lost its value, causing more money to chase fewer goods - imagining buying a roll of toilet paper with 2.6 million Venezuelan Bolivars in 2018.

AGENCIES

Aging Economies may Benefit Less from Fiscal Stimulus
A new IMF research finds that age matters when considering fiscal stimulus. Specifically, the study found that fiscal policy isn’t as effective in boosting growth in economies with older populations, compared to economies with younger populations.
Are Conspiracy Theories Good for Facebook?
Both Democrats and Republicans directed much of their wrath at Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg. Congressional trustbusters blasted him for buying up Instagram and WhatsApp. Acquiring competitors to neutralize them is a classic move in the monopoly playbook. But the lawmakers' gripes with the company went far beyond typical antitrust concerns.
Corruption has Modernized, so Should Anti-Corruption Initiatives
By Jim Anderson / World Bank The World Bank’s commitment to helping countries control corrupt...
Corruption and COVID-19
Corruption, the abuse of public office for private gain, is about more than wasted money: it erodes the social contract and corrodes the government’s ability to help grow the economy in a way that benefits all citizens. ut the COVID-19 pandemic has heightened the importance of stronger governance for three reasons.
Unemployment in Today’s Recession Compared to the Global Financial Crisis
There has been much discussion in recent months about how workers who transitioned to working from home—and those who were deemed “essential”—are less affected by the layoffs and job losses brought on by lockdowns than are workers in “social” jobs that require closer human interaction, like restaurant workers.
The COVID-19 Gender Gap
The COVID-19 pandemic threatens to roll back gains in women’s economic opportunities, widening gender gaps that persist despite 30 years of progress.
Dominant Currencies and the Limits of Exchange Rate Flexibility
Faced with an unprecedented shock of collapsing global demand and commodity prices, capital outflows, major supply chain disruptions and a generalized drop in global trade, many emerging markets and developing economies’ (EMDEs) currencies have weakened sharply. Will these currency movements support the recovery of these economies?
Next Phase of the Crisis: Further Action Needed for a Resilient Recovery
When G20 finance ministers and central bank governors last met in April, the world was in the midst of the Great Lockdown forced by the outbreak of COVID-19. As they meet virtually this week, many countries are gradually reopening, even as the pandemic remains with us. Clearly, we have entered a new phase of the crisis—one that will require further policy agility and action to secure a durable and shared recovery.
Can OPEC+ Still Justify Its Deep Output Cuts?
OPEC+ compliance rose sharply in June, helping to tighten up the market. The improved compliance also boosted confidence and cohesion in the group’s collective effort ahead of a possible loosening of the supply curtailments. Perhaps counterintuitively, that increases the odds that the group increases production beginning in August.
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